• Tooth removals are performed under local anesthetic. Therefore, the removal of a tooth is painfree. Discomfort is usually experienced after the local anesthesia has worn off, but is usually controllable with over the counter pain medication. If severe post-op pain is anticipated, a more powerful pain medication will be prescribed.
• Removal of teeth with large surrounding infections may require 2-3 days of antibiotic treatment before they can be completely anesthetized.
• If removal of a tooth will require surgical exposure from soft or hard tissue, or if the tooth is in close proximity to a nerve, then a referral to an oral surgeon may be required. If a surgical procedure is necessary, then sedation or general anesthesia may be requested with the oral surgeon.
• Indications for tooth removal: tooth is very loose, tooth is unrestorable, infected tooth in which root canal treatment is not possible or not wanted.
• After tooth removal, some discomfort may be experienced. Proper management of the surgical site is required. (click here for a printable post-op instruction form)


• Biopsy of oral tissue involves the surgical removal of all or part of a lesion. The tissue will be sent to a pathologist for diagnosis.


• Bone (synthetic, animal source, or bone from another site in the mouth) can be added to the jawbone to increase the thickness of the bone prior to implant placement.
• If an implant is desired to replace a tooth to be removed, particulate bone may be added to the tooth socket immediately following tooth extraction. This will preserve the volume of bone during the healing of the socket.